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Equipment/Clothing Glossary

The following is a list of equipment and clothing used by firefighters and paramedics.

Structural Personal Protective Equipment
Wildland Personal Protective Equipment
24 foot Extension Ladder
Roof Ladder
Attic Ladder
Halligan Bar
Flat-head Axe
Pick-head Axe
Bolt Cutters
Rope
Chain Saw
Circular Saw
Smoke Blower
Hurst Rescue Tool (Jaws of Life)
Air Pack
Rapid Intervention Crew (RIC) Pack
Airway Bag
Drug Box
Heart Monitor

Structural Personal Protective Equipment

Wildland Personal Protective Equipment

24 foot Extension Ladder

Consists of a base or a bed section and a fly section that travels in guides to permit length adjustment. It can reach a second floor window.

Roof Ladder

Typically a 14 foot ladder with large hooks at the tip, which are used to secure the ladder to the peak of a roof. The roof ladder provides a safe platform for a firefighter to work.

Attic Ladder

A narrow 10 to 12 foot folding ladder used to access tight areas, such as attics or scuttle holes.

5 inch supply hose-Redwood City fire engines carry 1000 feet of 5 inch supply hose. This is used to supply the fire engine with water to fight fire.

2 ½ inch hose- Redwood City fire engines carry 1000 feet of 2 ½ inch hose. This hose can be used as a hand-held hose to fight large fires or to supply multiple smaller attack hose lines. This size hose is the most versatile.

1 ¾ inch Attack Hose- This is the preferred size of attack hose used to fight structure fires. This hose can deliver 200 gallons of water a minute to the nozzle. It is lightweight and flexible enough to be stretched inside buildings and down hallways. It gives the nozzle person the ability to reach and extinguish the fire.

Reel Line- The reel line is smaller fire hose used to extinguish small fires. It delivers about 50-75 gallons of water a minute.

Halligan Bar

Forcible entry tool that provides the firefighter with the needed force or leverage to handle all forcible entry situations. It has a point, a fork and a leverage foot to aid the firefighters in forcing their way into buildings. The halligan is often times coupled with a flat head axe and referred to as the "Irons".

Flat-head Axe

Used to cut through most natural material. It's most often paired with a prying tool to aid in forcible entry. The flat head axe is often times coupled with the halligan and referred to as the "Irons".

Pick-head Axe

This tool is effective for cutting through wood shingles and other natural and lightweight material. It is carried by most firefighters on nearly every fire.

Bolt Cutters

Excellent for cutting chains, iron bars, cables and other materials that are not cased-hardened.

Rope

Used to support rescuers and victims during emergency operations . It is also used to hoist tools and equipment to upper floors of the fire building. A rope can also be used to help firefighters find their way out of smoked filled buildings.

Chain Saw

Used to cut holes in roofs to let out harmful heat and smoke from structure fires. By removing the dangerous smoke from the building, it gives the firefighters a better chance of finding fallen victims and assists with extinguishing the fire.

Circular Saw

A powerful rescue saw equipped with interchangeable blades used for cutting steel, concrete and wood. Removing bars from windows or cutting hardened locks are among the many uses of this saw.

Smoke Blower

Used during structure fires to remove smoke and toxic gases from a building. Use of a blower or fan provides fresh air and greater visibility for people inside.

Hurst Rescue Tool (Jaws of Life)

Heavy duty rescue tools made up of spreaders, cutters and rams help firefighters rapidly remove trapped victims from a vehicle. Also known as the "Jaws of Life", these tools can create a major force to cut, bend or spread.

Air Pack

The Scott Air Pack is used by firefighters every time a firefighter enters a building that is filled with smoke. The firefighter wearing a Scott Air Pack breaths cool clean compressed air. There is enough air for a firefighter to work up to 30 minutes in a smoke filled environment.

Rapid Intervention Crew (RIC) Pack

A basic set of tools which include: an extra air bottle, tarp, straps, flashlight, wire cutters and knife. This pack is assembled with equipment that aids the rapid intervention crew during the rescue of a firefighter.

Air Way Bag

This bag contains oxygen and most tools that manage a patient’s airway. It has the blood pressure cuff and oxygen delivery devices.

Drug Box

This box contains all the drugs, tools and IVs used to deliver lifesaving drugs to victims that need our help.

Heart Monitor

This device is used to monitor a patient’s heart rhythm. It also delivers life saving electricity to a heart-attack victim.

 

 

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