How to Start a Child Care or Preschool Program in Redwood City
Child care and preschools are important services in our community. If you would like to provide such services, here's how to get started.
- Decide whether you want to start a Family Child Care Home or Child Care Center (includes preschools, infant centers, and after-school centers).
Family Child Care Homes
Family child care is provided in the caregiver's residence. Anyone providing regular care for children from more than one family other than their own must be State licensed. Care of children related to the provider by blood or marriage and shared babysitting where no money is exchanged are exempt.
- A small family child care home is licensed for up to six children, including those under 10 years of age who reside in the home; two additional school-age children, may be enrolled, if other specified conditions are met.
- A large family child care home is licensed for up to 12 children, including the provider's children, and requires an assistant over 14 years of age. Two additional school-age children may be enrolled if other specified conditions are met. A provider must have operated a small family child care home for one year, or have qualifying experience, to apply.
Child Care Centers
A child care center is any facility other than a family child care home, and includes infant centers, preschools and extended day (school-age care) programs. All are required to be State licensed, except some public agency and private school programs, drop-in programs, and summer camps.
It is very difficult to find appropriate, affordable facilities to house these programs in Redwood City. "Finding Sites for Child Care Centers" provides some guidance.
- Attend an Orientation Meeting held by California Community Care Licensing (CCL) to get the application and learn about State regulations. You must pre-register! Meetings are held at CCL Peninsula District office, 801 Traegar Ave., Suite 100, San Bruno 94066. Bring a photo I.D. with you. Call for information on how to register: 650-266-8843. (Meetings are held on different days in San Jose)
Orientations for both Family Child Care Homes and Child Care Centers are now available online as well as in person.
Family Child Care Orientation ($25 reg. fee):
- 2nd Tuesday of every other month, 10:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.
- in Spanish: 3rd Tuesday, every other month 10:00-1:00
Child Care Center Application Orientation, $50 reg. fee: 2nd Wednesday of every other month, 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. (25 person max., 1st come/1st served)
(Orientation meeting schedule for Peninsula office)
More about State Licensing:
Community Care Licenses ensure that basic health and safety standards are met. For centers, licensing regulates staff qualifications and ratios, physical environment, program policies and other factors. Title 22 "Regulation Highlights" for both Child Care Centers and Family Child Care Homes and a "Search for a Facility" feature are available on the website: http://ccld.ca.gov/PG411.htm. The full Child Care Regulations (Title 22, Division 12) are available at: www.dss.cahwnet.gov/ord/PG587.htm.
The annual licensing fee is $66 for Small Family Child Care Homes, $127 for Large FCCH, and between $220-1,100 for a Child Care Center, depending on licensed child capacity. (The initial application fee is the same for Family Child Care but double the annual fee for Centers.) There are initial costs for fingerprinting and T.B. tests for all adults in the home or center. It takes at least three months to process your completed Family Child Care application, and longer for Centers.
Other Permits You May Need from Redwood City
(see requirements below for each type of facility)
- City Fire Clearances/ Permits and Business Licenses
- Planning (Use) Permits are required for some child care facilities, to be sure that the facility is compatible with the surrounding neighborhood. City zoning laws specify where child care facilities may operate. (Redwood City Child Care Zoning Regulations)
- City Building or Architectural Permits are required if you want to structurally change the inside or outside of a home or other building (e.g. garage conversion), construct a new one, or put up signs.
Note: If the proposed facility will be located in an unincorporated area of Redwood City (outside City limits, though may have a Redwood City street address), contact the San Mateo County Planning Department for requirements: 363-4161.
Redwood City Permit requirements for:
Small Family Child Care Homes – Per California law, no permits are required besides Building Permits, sign permits, etc. that apply to all residences.
Large Family Child Care Homes
- A 'modified' conditional use permit from the Planning Department. Conditions of the permit address neighborhood impacts such as parking and noise. Article 39.3 of the city Zoning Code describes the conditions and process. The permit fee is $400 with an additional $2230 required only if a neighbor requests a hearing. (See "Use Permit, Large Family Day Care Homes Handout" listed here.)
- State Licensing requires a Fire Clearance from the City Fire Department where the home is located. For information regarding the Fire Clearance Inspection requirements, please see R.C. Fire Department Guidelines for Large Family Day Care Homes.
- City Business License which costs $37 plus $24 per owner and employee.
To start, review the conditions for the Large Family Child Care Home Permit before completing a new Licensing application.
Child Care Centers
- State Licensing requires a Fire Clearance for a new center, an increase in capacity, or re-license (e.g. new ownership). An existing center may request a fire inspection at 780-7400; cost is $44/hr.(min.)
- Planning (Use) Permit: This usually takes several months, to process the application, notify surrounding property owners and hold a public hearing. The one-time permit fee is $2630. Prior to submitting an application, you should discuss your project with the Planning Division. (See "Planning Permit Application Form" and "Use Permit Handout" listed here.)
- A Fire/Building Permit may be required for new /remodeled centers, change in ownership and increase in capacity. This may also take months depending on the scope of the project or size of the center. To schedule a preliminary review with the One-Stop Permit Center in City Hall, call 780-7350. You may request that a Planner be present at the appointment.
- Business License Tax: The annual cost is a $37 base fee plus $24 per owner and employee. Agencies with non-profit status need a license but the tax is waived.
To start (before making any financial commitment):
- attend the Licensing orientation meeting, and
- talk to City Planning staff about zoning restrictions and other considerations
- talk to the City Child Care Coordinator and/or the Child Care Coordinating Council regarding the need for child care and preschool programs in Redwood City, and the feasibility of your project.
Where can I get help?
General Information about Child Care
Redwood City Child Care Coordinator
1400 Roosevelt Avenue
Redwood City, CA 94061-1499
(650) 780-7336 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Child Care Coordinating Council of San Mateo County, Inc.(4Cs)
2121 So. El Camino Real, Suite A-100
San Mateo, CA 94403
Information about State Child Care Licenses
Community Care Licensing Division--Child Care Office
California Department of Social Services
801 Traegar Avenue, Suite100
San Bruno, CA 94066
Information about City Permits
1017 Middlefield Road
Redwood City, CA 94063
Planning (Use) Permits: 780-7234
Building Permits: 780-7350
Business Licenses: 780-7214
Fire Inspection/Permits: 780-7400
Information about San Mateo County requirements (for unincorporated areas)
San Mateo County Planning Department: 363-4161